As an increasing number of companies transition their business-critical workloads to AWS, there is a growing focus on optimizing cloud environments based on industry best practices. To address this requirement, the AWS Well-Architected Framework has emerged as an invaluable resource, providing a comprehensive set of guidelines for designing, deploying, and maintaining robust and efficient cloud solutions.

While the Well-Architected Framework provides a solid foundation, companies often require additional support to ensure that their architectures align with the outlined best practices. This is where Well-Architected Reviews play a crucial role.

A Well-Architected Review is a comprehensive assessment conducted to evaluate a company’s AWS infrastructure against the Well-Architected Framework. It involves a meticulous examination of various architectural aspects of cloud infrastructure design, allowing companies to gain valuable insights into their existing architectures, identify areas for improvement, and implement effective remediation measures.

This article provides a brief overview of the AWS Well-Architected Framework and explores the subject of Well-Architected Reviews in detail. 


At the heart of the AWS Well-Architected Framework lie six fundamental pillars, each carefully crafted to address specific aspects of a well-architected system:

  1. Operational Excellence: Focuses on optimizing business processes and procedures to drive efficiency and improve decision-making.
  2. Security: Ensures the protection of data, systems, and assets from potential threats. 
  3. Reliability: Focuses on measures that enhance the ability of a system to recover from failures.
  4. Performance Efficiency: Strives to maximize resource utilization and minimize bottlenecks.
  5. Cost Optimization: Focuses on minimizing unnecessary expenses on AWS through optimal resource usage.
  6. Sustainability: Incorporates sustainable practices into cloud architecture design & operations to help address the long-term environmental, economic, & societal impacts.


Conducting a thorough AWS Well-Architected Review has a multitude of benefits: 

Identification of Potential Risks and Vulnerabilities

Proactively pinpointing security vulnerabilities, performance bottlenecks, and operational inefficiencies to mitigate risks before they escalate into critical issues.

Optimization of Resource Utilization and Cost Savings

Assessing the AWS architecture for cost optimization identifies where resources can be scaled down or modified, potentially leading to a significant reduction in cloud costs.

Enhanced System Reliability and Resilience

Evaluating AWS architecture against reliability standards can identify areas of improvement and ensure systems can withstand inadvertent failures.

Alignment with Best Practices and Industry Standards

Adhering to the six pillars of the framework validates that systems are in accordance with recommended guidelines and compliance measures.


There are several reasons to conduct a Well-Architected Review of an AWS environment:

System Upgrades

Well-Architected Reviews are often conducted after major system changes or upgrades since they present prime opportunities to assess the impact of modifications on the overall environment. By conducting a review in such situations, systems remain optimized and aligned with best practices. 

New Features or Functionalities

The introduction of new features or functionalities can also prompt a Well-Architected Review. When incorporating new capabilities into an AWS environment, it is essential to evaluate their compatibility with existing infrastructure. A review in this context validates the effectiveness of these additions and identifies any necessary adjustments.

System Optimization

Conducting a review during ongoing system optimization efforts can be highly valuable. It assesses the effectiveness of implemented changes and uncovers additional areas for improvement. The consistent evaluation of architecture against the Well-Architected Framework during the optimization process ensures that efforts are resulting in enhanced performance, efficiency, and scalability.

In general, it is advisable to conduct reviews periodically (at least once a year) to ensure alignment with evolving industry best practices.


Selecting a Qualified Reviewer

It is crucial for companies to engage a qualified reviewer with demonstrated expertise in AWS. Failure to do so may have significant consequences for the review process and overall business outcomes. Without the necessary expertise, a reviewer may overlook critical vulnerabilities, misinterpret best practices, or provide inaccurate recommendations.

Gathering and Sharing Relevant Information

After selecting a qualified team to perform the Well-Architected Review, companies must gather and share all relevant system data, documentation, and other critical workflow-related information to provide reviewers with a holistic view of their AWS infrastructure. 

Evaluating Each Pillar of the Well-Architected Framework

During the review process, each pillar of the Well-Architected Framework should be meticulously evaluated. Assessing adherence to best practices will shed light on areas of strength and highlight potential weaknesses. 

Documenting Findings and Recommendations

Lastly, it is vital to document the findings and recommendations derived from a Well-Architected Review. The documentation serves as a point of reference for future improvements and delivers a tangible action plan to address identified issues. Capturing the insights obtained during a review helps guide efforts toward the implementation of necessary enhancements and ensure continual advancement.


Prioritizing and Addressing Issues Promptly

Once the findings and recommendations from the AWS Well-Architected Review are documented, it is important to prioritize and address the identified issues promptly. By approaching these issues in a systematic manner, performance and security of the architecture can be enhanced. Companies can also establish robust tracking mechanisms to monitor the progress and measure the impact of implemented improvements.

Incorporating the Review Process into the System Development Lifecycle

To ensure continuous improvement, it is also advisable to incorporate the AWS Well-Architected Review process into the system development lifecycle. By embedding reviews as an integral part of their architectural planning, potential shortcomings and optimization of systems can be achieved throughout the lifecycle. This iterative approach allows for ongoing refinement and ensures that the AWS architecture remains aligned with the latest best practices and industry standards.

Leveraging Automation and Monitoring Tools for Ongoing Optimization

Leveraging automation and monitoring tools can significantly enhance continuous improvement efforts. AWS offers an extensive suite of services and tools that can automate tasks, monitor system performance, and provide real-time insights. The leveraging of these tools helps to streamline operations, detect issues, and optimize resource allocation, further enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of their architectures.


For organizations seeking to align their AWS infrastructure with the Well-Architected Framework, TrackIt offers a no-cost Well-Architected Review. This comprehensive assessment allows companies to thoroughly evaluate their AWS infrastructure, identify areas requiring improvement, and implement effective remediation measures.

TrackIt’s team of Solutions Architects understands that each organization has unique requirements and objectives. They place utmost priority on gaining a deep understanding of these factors, ensuring that the architectural decisions made during the review are precisely tailored to align with specific business goals. By leveraging TrackIt’s expertise, companies can confidently optimize their AWS environments, maximizing efficiency and performance.

In addition to the Well-Architected Review, TrackIt also provides a complimentary infrastructure assessment that delivers a range of invaluable insights:

  • A Security Report that evaluates critical aspects such as infrastructure instances, networking, storage, and identity access management, enhancing the overall security posture. 
  • A Cost Utilization and Optimization Report that identifies underutilized or rarely-used resources, suggests appropriate sizing requirements, and recommends optimal pricing plans to reduce costs and improve resource usage efficiency.
  • A System Availability Review that offers recommendations to enhance system reliability, availability, and disaster recovery, ensuring uninterrupted business operations.
  • A Remediation Recommendations document that outlines practical action steps to strengthen AWS infrastructure.

Readers interested in taking advantage of the No-Cost Well-Architected Review can visit the Well-Architected Review (WAR) page on TrackIt’s website. 


In the rapidly evolving world of cloud computing, an AWS Well-Architected Framework serves as an indispensable tool for maintaining an optimized AWS environment. By regularly conducting Well-Architected Reviews, potential risks can be mitigated, system reliability will be enhanced, and infrastructure will be aligned with industry best practices.


TrackIt is an Amazon Web Services Advanced Tier Services Partner specializing in cloud management, consulting, and software development solutions based in Marina del Rey, CA. 

TrackIt specializes in Modern Software Development, DevOps, Infrastructure-As-Code, Serverless, CI/CD, and Containerization with specialized expertise in Media & Entertainment workflows, High-Performance Computing environments, and data storage.

In addition to providing cloud management, consulting, and modern software development services, TrackIt also provides an open-source AWS cost management tool that allows users to optimize their costs and resources on AWS.